Saturday, January 30, 2016

Differentiating The Black And Brown Rats

July 3, 2011 by  
Filed under Health & Wellness

If viewed from a scientific position, rats are simply animals that belong to the Rattus species of the subspecies Muridae. In the animal kingdom, rats reign as the most supreme class of murids all over the planet. It has been thought of that the 2 common types of rats, which are the brown and the black rats, originated from Asia. The two rat species are now present throughout the entire planet.

Black Rats

Roof rats (known as Rattus Rattus) are also called black rats and ship rats. These rats are usually black in color, slender, 16-21 cm long & weigh about 80-300 grams. Their tail is longer than the head and body & their nose & muzzle are pointed. They are called roof rats because they are climbers. Their paws are built to climb and create nests in higher parts of homes, attics, rafters and crossbeams of buildings.

Barn Rat

The brown rat, which is also known as the Norway rat, house rat, gray rat, barn rat, & wharf rat, is one of the best-known & is the larger of the 2. Their scientific name is Rattus norvegicus. Their other name refers to their grayish-brown body, with a lighter colored stomach. A brown rat in full size is 18 to 26 cm long and weighs between 400 & 600 grams. Their nose and muzzle are blunt, and they have a tail shorter than its body. They prefer moist conditions & nest in deep burrows.

These rats breed when they are three to four months of age. They breed up to 13 times each year and produce 1 to 22 in a litter. Brown rats and black rats eat about the same things. Their diet typically consists of vegetables, fruits, cereals, meats, seeds, nuts, grains and invertebrates. They consume about a third of their weight in food everyday.

They carry deadly diseases, damage structures & contaminate food. Some of the illnesses potentially deadly to humans that spread through rats are salmonella food poisoning, toxoplasmosis, Weil’s disease and plague.

You probably think that it is not a priority for you to administer pest control measures for your home right now. Even if you think that nothing will obligate you to move, you might, one day, be putting your house up for sale because of some reason. No matter how attractive your home is from the outside, real estate agents and buyers would avoid it if they notice marks of pest infestations. A termite colony existing in your house’s foundation could very well lessen the resale value of your home. Furthermore, lending institutions can be very strict in approving loan applications, particularly if you will use your house as collateral; you may find your application refused if the bank representatives discovered pest infestations in your household when they come over for ocular appraisal. Thus, although the fee to hire a professional pest control company to eliminate pest infestations in your property may be high, consider it a wonderful investment for the future resale value of your house.

If you are going through a serious mosquito and bed bug problem in your household, we can be of great assistance to you and your family in making sure that you will never be bothered by these pests in your houses anymore.

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